Castlequarter / Ceathrú an Chaisleáin
Compiled by Paddy & Bridie Scully
Irish name: Ceathrú an Chaisleáin
English name: Castlequarter
Meaning: quarter of the castle
Area: 107 acres, 0 roods and 31 perches
Other Landmarks: Clonboo Castle, St Cyprian’s Well
Information from O’Donovan’s Field Name Books
Other names: Castlequarter, Ceathramhadh an Caisleáin, Castlequarter (B. S. Sketch Map), Castlequarter of Clonbon (County Books), Carrowincaselane (Inq. Temp. Car. I.), Carowancastle (Inq. Temp. Iaa. I.), Carowcaslan (Inq. Temp. Iaa. I.), Carhowyncaslane (Inq. Temp. Iaa. I.), Quarter Castle (Rector of Annaghdown), Carru an Caislan (Rector of Annaghdown).
Description: Townland. Proprietor Francis Blake, Esq Cregg Castle. Under tillage except a portion of flooded ground in the centre, a bye road forms its Eastern boundary for a short distance.
The below archaeological sites appear in ‘Archaeological Inventory of County Galway Vol. II – North Galway’; compiled by Olive Alcock, Kathy de hÓra and Paul Gosling (Dublin: Stationery Office, 1999).
Holy Well. Indicated ‘St. Cyprians’s Well’ (page 340). On low-lying ground, c.40m SE of a castle. A natural spring well set in a drystone circular enclosure (D 1.6m) with a narrow entrance at E. The small stone-lined rectangular well lies in W sector of the enclosure.
Moated site (possible) (page 389). In flat marshy land, 30m E of Cloonboo Castle. A rectangular enclosure (NW-SE 94m, NE-SW 67m max.), in fair condition, defined by a silted up fosse (Wth 1.4m) and an external earthen bank (Wth 3m, H 1.2m). The bank is overlain along E, S and W sides by later field walls. A gap (Wth 6.5m) at NE, though modern in appearance, may mark the site of the original entrance. The interior is flat and is now subdivided into three by later field walls.
Tower House. Indicated ‘Cloonboo Castle (in ruins)’ (page 402). On a slight rise in low-lying marshy bogland. In existence in 1574 when it was in the possession of ‘Moyler McShean’ (Nolan 1901b,118). A poorly preserved rectangular four-storey tower (L 12.3m, Wth 10.6m) heavily overgrown with ivy. Almost all the dressed stones have been removed and there is a breach in ENE wall. The robbed-out doorway in NNW wall leads to a small entrance lobby with a murder-hole above. A short intramural stairs leads to the spiral staircase. A stone vault exists between ground/1st floor. The garderobe is in ENE wall on 1st floor. Intramural chambers occur in NNW and SSE walls on 2nd floor. A fireplace survives in SSE wall on 1st floor and its flue is visible within a window embrasure overhead on 2nd floor. Projecting corbels on top of NNW wall, over the doorway, indicate the former presence of a machiolation. Some slit and flat-headed rectangular windows survive.
1841: 9 houses, 52 people (27 male, 25female)
1851: 6 houses, 43 people ( 21 male, 22 female)
1861: 7 houses, 37 people (19 male, 18 female)
1871: 7 houses, 38 people ( 16 male, 22_female)
1881: 6 houses, 38 people ( 15 male, 23 female)
1891: 7 houses, 35 people ( 17 male, 18 female)
1901: 7 houses, 24 people ( 13 male, 11 female)
1911: 6 houses, (1 vacant) 23 people ( 17 male, 6 female)
2011: 15 houses, 42 people (21 male, 21 female)
Tithe Applotment Books
The Tithe Applotment Books do not record any names in Castlequarter.
1855 Griffith’s Valuation
Griffith’s Valuation records show the following six heads of household holding house and land in Castlequarter in 1855: John Scully, Margaret Burke, Michael Carr, Patrick Fahy, David Fahy, and John Hannon, and Michael Scully holding land only; all under immediate lessor Francis Blake.
The 1901 Census of Ireland records the following 7 households in Castlequarter.
- Martin Carr (59) wife Kate (55), son Thomas (18), and granddaughter Kate Cloonan (13).
- John Fahy (32), and his wife Mary (34).
- Patrick Burke (65), wife Mary (62), and son Michael (21).
- Mary Scully (70; widow), and niece Honor Hughes (19).
- Patrick Small (37), wife Mary (27), son John (1 month) and niece Mary Hardiman (7).
- Mary Fahy (62), widow, daughters Bridget (25), Kate (23), and son Thomas (17).
- Stephen Duffy, R. I. C. sergeant, and 4 constables.
Three of the houses were second class, three were third and one was fourth, with stone walls, six had thatched roofs with one, the R.I.C. barracks, having an iron or slate roof. Five had two front windows, one had three and one having one, with five having between two and four rooms, one having three rooms, and one having one room. Five houses had a piggery, four had a cow house, two a stable, and two a cart house.
By 1911 the Scully household had gone from the village and the following six households remained.
- Martin Carr (35), and his brother Thomas (27).
- John Fahy (45), wife Mary (40), and son Martin (17).
- Mary Burke (72), and son William (38).
- Patrick Small (53), wife Mary (40), sons John (10), Thomas (6), Patrick (4), James (3), daughter Bridget (8), and Mary Hardiman (18), servant.
- Mary Fahy (72), widow.
- Michael Driscoll, R. I. C. sergeant, and six constables.
Four of the houses were second class, while three were third class. with stone walls, five had thatched roofs, with one having iron or slate. Three had two front windows, three had three, and one had four front windows. Six had between two and four rooms, with one having five or six rooms. Five had a piggery, four a fowl house, three a stable, two a barn, two a shed and one a turf house.