Grange / An Ghráinseach

Compiled by Paul Greaney

Overview

Irish name: An Ghráinseach

Irish pronunciation:

English name: Grange

Meaning: the grange, monastic farm

Area: 262 acres, 3 roods, and 33 perches.

Field Names: None yet recorded.

Information from O’Donovan’s Field Name Books

Other names: Grange, Grange (B. S. Sketch Map), Grange (Barony Map), Grangebeg (County Book), Grange (High Constable 1838), Grange (Inq. Temp. Car. I), Grange (Inq. Temp. Inc. I), Graunge (Inq. Temp. Inc. I), Grange (Local),
Grange (Rector of Annaghdown).

Description: Proprietor Mark Lynch, Esq., Galway. All under tillage except portion on N. and E. side that’s subject to Winter floods. Road from Galway to Headford passes through in which is Post Office. Has the ruins of a chapel and grave yard situated in it.

Situation: It is situated 1¼ miles N. Currandulla Chapel. Bounded North by Balrubbuckbeg. South by Shanbally. East by Balrobbuckbeg and Balrubbuckmore. West by Kilcoon Parish.

Population Statistics

1841: 22 houses, 140 people (75 male, 65 female)

1851: 21 houses (incl. 2 unoccupied), 89 people (44 male, 45 female)

1861: 19 houses (incl. 1 unoccupied), 88 people (48 male, 40 female)

1871: 17 houses, 92 people (48 male, 44 female)

1881: 14 houses, 88 people (49 male, 39 female)

1891: 12 houses, 67 people (36 male, 31 female)

1901: 12 houses, 52 people (30 male, 22 female)

1911: 3 houses, 43 people (23 male, 20 female)

2011: 45 houses (incl. 2 unoccupied), 109 people (64 male, 45 female)

Tithe Applotment Books

Grange is recorded in the 1824 Tithe Applotment Books as the property of Sir T.B. Lynch. Occupiers listed are Michl & Ed. Davin, Hugh Collins, Michl. Burke, Thos. Langan, Timothy Forde, John Gavaghan, Pat Swift, John Grealy, James Flaherty, M. Hargendon & P. Fahy, Pat Collins, Hugh Flaherty & Forde, John Dooley, Owen Vahy. The remainder of the townland is recorded as waste & cut away bog in common.

1855 Griffith’s Valuation

Grange entries in Griffith’s Valuation for Annaghdown parish (1855)

Griffith’s Valuation records Patrick Curran, John Flaherty, Michael Flaherty, John Fleming, John Dooley, Nappy Connell, Michael Flaherty, jun., John Burke, Michael Devine, Patrick Devine, Thomas Flaherty, Michael Flaherty, and Thomas Ford each occupying a house and land in Grange, some with out-offices; John Ford (Carpenter), John Ford, and Thomas Divilly also held land. The entire townland was held from Mark Lynch.

Valuation House & Field Books

The November 1853 house book for Grange records Patt Curran, John Flaherty, Michael Flaherty, John Fleming, John Dooley, Nappy Connell, Michael Flaherty, John Burke, Michael Davin, Patt Davin, Thomas Flaherty, Michael Flaherty (Senr.), Patt Grealy, and Thomas Ford as householders. Patt Burke held offices but no house in the townland.

1901 Census

The 1901 Census of Ireland records the following twelve households in Grange.

  1. David Flaherty (70), farmer, widower; his daughter Winifred (35), farmer’s daughter.
  2. Julia Flaherty (70) [née Collins], farmer, widow; her step-son John Flaherty (40), farmer; and daughter Honoria Flaherty (30), farmer’s daughter.
  3. Martin Flaherty (70), farmer; his wife Kate (55) [née Collins]; sons Patrick (28), Michael (18), farmer’s sons; daughter Margaret (20), farmer’s daughter.
  4. Martin Killelea (24), farmer; his sister Winifred (15), farmer’s sister.
  5. Patrick Burke (50), cottier and agricultural labourer; his wife Bridget (40) [née Killilea, Grange]; and children John (10), Patrick (7), Martin (6), scholars; Bridget (3), and Michael (1).
  6. Darby Grealy (44), farmer; his wife Winifred (40) [née Flaherty, Grange] ; sons Patrick (11), Thomas (8), scholars; John (5); daughters Kate (3), Mary (1); and servant Martin Grealy (27), farm labourer.
  7. Patrick Forde (73), farmer; his wife Sarah (56) [née Flaherty]; son James (17), farmer’s son; and daughter Bridget (14), farmer’s daughter.
  8. David Patt Flaherty (45), farmer; and his wife Kate (30) [née Glynn, Cluidrevagh].
  9. John Dooley (72), farmer; his wife Mary (55) [née O’Neill]; son James (30), farmer’s son; and sister Anne Dooley (74).
  10. John Burke (81), farmer, widower; his son Michael (37), farmer’s son, married; daughter Mary (31), farmer’s daughter, not married; daughter-in-law Margaret (36) [née Garvey, Ballycurrin] born in Co. Mayo; grandchildren Bridget (4), Patrick (3), and Mary (2).
  11. Owen Davin (48), farmer, married; his wife Winifred (45) [née Divilly, Balrobuckmore]; and sons Thomas (22), agricultural labourer; Michael (20), farmer’s son; John (18), agricultural labourer; and Martin (16), farmer’s son.
  12. Patrick Davin (78), farmer, widower; and his daughter Margaret Murrey (40), farmer’s daughter, married.

Each house was constructed of stone and each had a thatched roof. Seven of the houses were of the second class, six of these having between two and four rooms and three front windows each, with the seventh having five or six rooms and four front windows. The remaining five houses were of the third class; four of these had between two and four rooms and two front windows, and the fifth had one room and one front window.

Out-offices recorded in the townland were seven stables, seven cow-houses, ten piggeries, five fowl-houses, seven barns, and seven cart-houses.

1911 Census

There are again 12 households recorded in 1911.

  1. Winefred Davin (56) [née Divilly, Balrobuckmore], farmer, widow, married for 35 years with six children born alive and five living; and her son Michael (29), farmer’s son.
  2. Margaret Murray (57) [née Davin], farmer, widow; and her brother Patrick Davin (60), farm servant.
  3. John Dooley (74), farmer; his wife Mary (69) [née O’Neill], married for 48 years with seven children born alive and four still living; and son James (38), farmer’s son.
  4. Michael Burke (49), farmer; his wife Maggie (46) [née Garvey, Ballycurrin], married for 15 years with five children born alive and still living; and children Delia (14), Patrick (15), Mary (11), Lizzie (8), and Katie (6), all scholars.
  5. David Flaherty (57), farmer; and his wife Catherine (45) [née Glynn, Cluidrevagh], married for 18 years.
  6. Sarah Forde (66) [née Flaherty], farmer, widow, married for 40 years with five children born alive and four still living; and her son James (22), farmer’s son.
  7. Darby Greally (54), farmer; his wife Winifred (50) [née Flaherty, Grange], married for 22 years with eight children born alive and five still living; and children Patrick (21), Thomas (18), farmer’s sons; Kate (13), Mary (11), and Sarah (9), scholars.
  8. William Flaherty (42), farmer, married for under one year, no children born to present marriage; his wife Kate (37); and son David Flaherty (16), scholar, born in England.
  9. John Flaherty (45), farmer; his wife Mary (40) [née Farragher, Cahermorris], married for two years with one child born alive and still living; and son Thomas (9 months).
  10. Martin Flaherty (78), farmer; his wife Catherine (73) [née Collins, Grange], married for 45 years with eight children born alive and six still living; son Patrick (40), farmer’s son; and daughter Margaret (36), farmer’s daughter.
  11. Martin Killilea (37), farmer, single.
  12. Patrick Burke (68), agricultural labourer; his wife Bridget (49) [née Killilea, Grange], married for 27 years with nine children born alive and seven still living; and children Patrick (18), agricultural labourer; Martin (16), Bridget (14), Michael (12), and Hanery (9), scholars.

Each house was constructed of stone with a thatched roof, and had between two and four rooms. Nine of the houses were of the second class. Of these, eight had three front windows and one had two front windows. The remaining three houses in the townland were of the third class, their having two front windows being the only recorded difference from the second class houses. House 12, occupied by the Burke family, was on the land of Martin Flaherty.

Out-offices recorded are eight stables, thirteen cow-houses, twelve piggeries, seven fowl-houses, nine barns, and eight sheds.

Note: Information in squared brackets has been added by the author and does not appear in the original record.

Grange / An Ghráinseach

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