Tonagarraun / Tóin an Gharráin

Compiled by Mary Newell

Irish name: Tóin an Gharráin

English name: Tonagarraun

Meaning: the bottomland of the grove

Area: 546 acres, 0 roods and 24 perches

Field Names: Páirc Mhór

Information from O’Donovan’s Field Name Books

Other names:

Description: It is the property of Captain Butler. There is a neat house of two stories the residence of Captain Butler situate in the Eastern part of this townland. There is also a large village in the central part of it. At the W. side of the above village there is a Holy Well called Tober Macdouagh, also a Trigl. Station, near its N. boundary, ¾ of it tillage and the remainder bog. 

Situation: It is situated 1½ miles S. of Annaghdown Church. Bounded North by Carrowbeg South. East by Drumgriffin. South by parish boundary and W. by Park.

Population Statistics

1841: 59 houses, 318 people (147 males, 171 female)

1851: 39 houses (2 uninhabited), 213 people (101 male, 112 female)

1861: 32 houses, 163 people (84  male, 79 female)

1871: 31 houses, 167 people (74 male, 93 female)

1881: 27 houses, 177 people (74 male, 103 female)

1891: 25 houses, 156 people (84 male, 72 female)

1901: 23 houses, 121 people (58 male, 63 female)

1911: 23 houses, 97 people (47 male, 50 female)

2011: 75 houses (11 vacant), 201 people (105 male, 96 female)

1821 Tithe Applotment Books

The Tithe Applotment Books record the following tenants in Tonagarraun: Wm & Pat Silk, Edm Scahill & Partners. All of the foregoing held lands from T Butler Esq including a portion of bog.

Winterfield was listed separately in the Tithe Applotment Books with Thomas Butler Esq holding 7 acres, 3 roods, 0 perches.

1845 Griffith’s House Books & 1855 Griffith’s Valuation

One house was recorded in Griffith’s House Books 1844 belonging to Dr. Charles Donnellan – house and offices. In 1845 this house was reassigned to Capt. John Butler with Dr Charles Donnellan’s name crossed out. This consisted of a dwelling, basement as dwelling, stables, dairy piggery, car house, coach and stables.

Griffith’s Valuation records the following heads of household in Tonagarraun: John Butler, Thomas Lardner, James Qualter, John Kavanagh, Thomas Kavanagh, John Loyden, Patrick Murphy, Peter Quirke, Thomas Dowd, Jane Lardner, Alice Gorrihan, Martin Redington, Mary Loftus, Edmond Burke, Patrick Newell, Patrick Canavan, Michael Redington, Nanny Canavan, John Mulrony, John Lally, Patrick Carroll, Thomas Burke, Michael Gordon, John Lardner, Michael Meghan, Patrick Collins, James Morris, John Morris, Catherine Costello, Patrick Ford, and Alice Feeney. John Butler held House, offices and land in fee, with immediate lessor being John Butler in all other cases. 13 held House, office and land, 17 held House and land only.

Tonagarraun entries in Griffith’s Valuation

1901 Census

The 1901 Census of Ireland records the following 23 households in Tonagarraun.

  1. John Neill (59) farmer, his wife Bridget (35), sons Patrick (20), John (16), daughters Margaret (14) and Kate (11)
  2. Julia Burke (60) farmer, sons Edward (23), Thomas (14), daughters Honor (18), Kate (11) and Julia’s sister in law Honor Burke (61 – not married)
  3. Margaret Morris (60) Farmer, her son James (22) and Hubert Higgins (64 – Mendicant)
  4. Catherine Gilmore (60) farmer, sons Patrick (35) William (26), Michael (24), daughter in law Mary (35), grand daughters Kate (3) and Mary (1)
  5. Thomas Collins (54) farmer, wife Mary (54), son John (15), daughter Mary (19) sister Winifred (40 – General Domestic Servant)
  6. Patrick Lardnier ( 60) farmer, wife Ellen (52), sons Thomas (32) and Patrick (19), daughter Delia (20)
  7. Martin Gordon (70) farmer, wife Mary (66), sons Patrick (40), Martin (20), daughter in law (33), grand daughter Mary (4), grandsons John (2) and Michael (2 months)
  8. Patrick Carroll (70) farmer, wife Winifred (65)
  9. Mary Moghan (67) farmer, daughter Sarah Davin (42), son-in-law Tom Davin (52), grandsons Mark (21), Michael (15), Thomas (8) and Martin (5); grand daughters Ellen (18), Honor (12), Julia (10) and Mary (1)
  10. Bridget Fahey (58) farmer, son John (34), daughters Sarah (25) and Anne (20)
  11. Timothy Lardiner (60) farmer, son Martin (28) daughters Honor (19) and Sarah (17)
  12. Thomas Lydon (55) farmer, daughters Anne (21) and Margaret (19)
  13. Honor Neill (56) farmer
  14. Paul Newell (67) farmer, wife Margret (63), sons Patrick (28) and Malachey (19)
  15. John Qualter (53) farmer, wife Kate (53), sons John (19) and Patrick (13)
  16. Francis Dowd (60) farmer and blacksmith, wife Mary (60), son William (13), daughters Margaret (20), Celia (17), Mary (15) and Honor (10)
  17. Mary Mulrooney (40) farmer, sons Patrick (11) and John (9), daughter Honor (13)
  18. John Canavan (45) farmer, wife Margaret (45), sons Patrick (17), Michael (13), John (11), Andrew (8), Thomas (6) and James (3), daughters Mary (16) and Sarah (9)
  19. James Reddington (60) farmer
  20. Ellen Cavanagh (80) farmer, step son Michael (62), sons William (36) and John (30), grand daughter Bridget Rabbit (16 – General Servant, domestic)
  21. Patrick Qualter (55) farmer, wife Julia (54), James (27), Patrick (14) and Edward (12), daughters Mary (23), Bridget (20), Margaret (17) and Julia (8)
  22. Patrick Lardner (52) farmer, wife Margaret (45), Thomas (17) and Patrick (10), daughters May (15), Katie (13) and Margaret  (8)
  23. Frances A Butler (60) farmer and land proprietress, step son Burton (26 – steward), daughter Frances (20), servants Margaret Collins (20) and Mary Scahill (20)

Of the 23 houses, all had thatched roofs except for Frances Butler’s house which had an iron, slate or steel roof. 7 houses were of the third class, 15 houses were of the second class and 1 was of the first class. Only one page (of 2) is available for out offices and farm steadings. 15 houses are listed in this page. 11 houses had stables, 13 had cow houses, 3 had calf houses, 13 had piggeries, 12 had fowl houses, 8 had barns and 11 had cart houses.

1911 Census

  1. Frances Buttler (76), Lady and servant Mary Dempsey (35)
  2. Pat Qualter (68), farmer, sons James (40) and Pat (28), and daughters Mary (38) and Julia (18)
  3. Norah O’Neill (68), farmer, Son in law Michael Scully (26), Tailor, daughter Mary Scully (35) and grand daughter Mamie (1)
  4. John Canavan (57), farmer, wife Mary Canavan (56), and sons John (24), Thos (22), James (17) and Michael (12)
  5. Mary Mulrooney (58), farmer and sons Patrick (22) and John (20)
  6. Martin Gordon (78), farmer, wife Mary (77), son Pat (49), daughter in law Julia (40), grand daughters Mary (14), Nellie (8), Katie (2), grandsons John (12), Michael (10), Martin (6) and Patrick (4)
  7. Pat Larner (68), farmer, wife Margaret (65), son Patrick (20) and daughter Maggie (18)
  8. Mary Davin (80), farmer, daughter in law Sarah (54), grandsons Michael (23), Thos (17) and Martin (15), grand daughters Nora (21) and Julia (19)
  9. James Reddington (75) farmer
  10. John O’Neill (68), farmer, wife Bridget (41), son John (25) postman, daughters Margret (22) and Katie (19)
  11. Julia Burke (66) farmer, cousin Honor (71) and daughter Katie (19)
  12. Bridget Julia Fahy (73) farmer, and son John (47)
  13. Thomas Lydon (68) farmer, and daughter Margaret (28)
  14. Timothy Larner (73) farmer, son Martin (39), daughter in law Bridget (24), grand daughters Mary (5), Norah (2) and Bridget (1) and grandson Tommie (4)
  15. Margaret Morriss (80) famer and son James (36)
  16. Patt Gilmore (50) famer, wife Mary (50), brother William (45) and daughter Mary (11)
  17. Tom Collins (70) farmer, wife Mary (71), sister Winnie (68), daughter Mary (30) and son John (18)
  18. Patt Carroll (78) farmer, and daughter Winnie (40)
  19. Patrick Newell (37) farmer, wife Norah (33) and son Paul (1)
  20. Francis Dowd (69) blacksmith, wife Mary (66), daughters Celia (26) seamstress, Mary (24) and Nora (21), son Willie (23) blacksmith
  21. John Qualter (69) farmer, wife Katie (70) and son Pat (23)
  22. William Cavanagh (58) farmer, wife Norah (35), brother Michael (74) son John (4) and daughter Mary (3)
  23. Ellen Lardner (73) farmer, sons Thomas (38) and Patrick (28), daughters Delia (26) and Katie (37)

Of the 23 houses, 1 was of the first class, 19 were of the second class and three were of the third class. 1 house had a roof made of tiles, slate or iron, and the remaining houses had thatched roofs. 1 house had 4 rooms, 20 houses had 2 rooms and 2 houses had 3 rooms. 1 house had 8 windows, 7 houses had 4 windows, 12 houses had 3 windows, 2 houses had 2 windows and 1 house had 1 window.  There were 18 stables, 1 coach house, 1 harness room, 23 cow houses, 1 calf house, 20 piggeries, 4 fowl houses, 17 barns, 3 turf house, 1 potato house, 1 forge and 17 carthouses in the townland.

Tonagarraun / Tóin an Gharráin

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